Oliver Tambo (also known as OR) was a South African anti-apartheid politician and revolutionary who served as President of the African National Congress from 1967 to 1991.
- Born: October 27, 1917, in the village of Nkantolo, Bizana, Pondoland (now Eastern Cape), South Africa
- Died: April 24, 1993, in Johannesburg at the age of 75 years
- Spouse: Adelaide – they got married in 1956
- Education: Holy Cross Mission School, and then transferred to St. Peters in Johannesburg. Oliver Tambo matriculated in 1938 as one of the top students. After this, he qualified to do his university degree at the University of Fort Hare.
- Children: Dali, Tselane and Thembi Tambo
- Occupation: Teacher – In 1942 Oliver Tambo returned to his former school in Johannesburg where he taught science and mathematics. He was also a Lawyer and a Politician.
Oliver Tambo, fondly known as OR along with Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, were the founding members of the ANC Youth League in 1943, becoming its first National Secretary and a member of the National Executive in 1948.
In response, Oliver Tambo was sent abroad by the ANC to mobilise opposition to apartheid. He settled with his family in Muswell Hill, North London, where he lived until 1990. He was involved in the formation of the South African Democratic Front. In 1967, Oliver Tambo became Acting President of the ANC, following the death of Chief Albert Lutuli.
In 1985 he was re-elected President of the ANC. He returned to South Africa on 13 December 1990 after over 30 years in exile and was elected National Chairperson of the ANC in July of the same year. Oliver Tambo died at the age of 75 due to complications from a stroke which he suffered, on 24 April 1993.
In late 2005, ANC politicians announced plans to rename Johannesburg International Airport after Oliver Tambo. The proposal was accepted and the renaming ceremony occurred on 27 October 2006.
Famous Oliver Tambo Quotes
- The fight for freedom must go on until it is won; until our country is free and happy and peaceful as part of the community of man, we cannot rest.
- We have a vision of South Africa in which black and white shall live and work together as equals in conditions of peace and prosperity.
- We seek to create a united Democratic and non-racial society.